There are many different legal devices that can be used when you are planning your estate. You never have to settle for an approach that is less than ideal, because there is a solution that can be implemented to address any concern.
With this in mind, we will look at the incentive trust in this post.
Encourage Desired Behavior
Incentive trusts are often used by high net worth individuals that could potentially set their loved ones up for life. Some people have no problem taking this approach, but others want to be certain that their family members are motivated to reach their full potential as human beings.
This can be done through the utilization of an incentive trust. As the name would indicate, when you establish this type of trust, you include incentives the must be met by the beneficiary.
To provide a simple example, let’s say that you want to guide a loved one toward a college education, and you want them to develop a work ethic after graduation.
You could fund an incentive trust and name a trustee to act as the administrator. Any adult that is willing to assume the role can technically act as the trustee. However, a professional fiduciary like a trust company or the trust department of a bank can be a better choice.
The professional trustee approach is particularly appropriate with an incentive trust, because it will be intact for an extended period of time. Plus, there is no reason for the beneficiary to harbor any hard feelings toward this impersonal trustee. The dynamic could be different if the trustee was a family member or a friend of the family.
Getting back to our example, you could instruct the trustee to pay for tuition, other college expenses, and living expenses as long as the beneficiary is a student in good standing. Perhaps you could allow for a lump sum “bonus” distribution upon graduation.
The incentives could be increased for graduate school, and there could be a dollar for dollar match of the salary that is earned by the beneficiary after graduation. Going forward, you could allow for lump sum portions of the principal to be distributed when the beneficiary reaches certain age plateaus.
Some people will take it a step further and incentivize the beneficiary to enter into a particular profession. This could be important to someone that wants to keep a family tradition in place through another generation.
In addition to the incentives that would guide someone toward positive behavior, you can also create a trust to lead the beneficiary away from self-destructive actions. This could enter the picture if you want to provide for a family member that has a substance abuse problem.
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This resource has been carefully prepared to give you a more complete understanding of the process. We urge you to take the time to go through it, and you can visit our worksheet page to get your copy.
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